One of the most powerful magical signs in the arsenal of the Rune Master is the Aegishjalmur. This sign is also known as the Helm of Awe or Terror. Potentially it can be devised as a very complex sign but basically it is either a four or eight fold equal armed cross with branches at its terminal points.
The Helm of Awe grants its wearer power both of a psychic and of a physical nature over his or her enemies.
According to Dr Stephen Flowers[Edred Thorsson] in The Galdrabok An Icelandic Book of Magic "The aegishjalmur is mentioned in the material concerning Sigurdr Fafnisbani. When Sigurdr slays the great etin-worm, or serpent, named Fafnir in order to win the treasure hoard of the Niflungs[Nibelungen], on of the "objects" of power that he gets is the aegishjalmur. This object is not a "helmet" in the usual sense, but rather a general covering that surrounds the wearer with an overawing power to terrify and subdue his enemies. The power is concentrated between the eyes and is often associated with the supposed power of serpents to paralyse their prey. This is apparently an ancient Indo-European concept, as shown in the etymology of the Greek-the one with the evil eye."
The sign can also be used to attract a mate. According to spell 8 of The Galdrabok after fasting make the sign of awe from spittle in the palm of your right hand when you greet the girl that you have chosen. In Richard Wagner`s Die Walkure Act One Scene One Hunding notices that both his wife Sieglinde and her future lover Siegmund[twins and parents of Siegfried] have the serpent look in their eyes, a sign of Waelsung or Volsung blood.
In the Volsunga Saga Sigurd`s [Siegfried] appearance is described in detail and it has this to say about his eyes: "His eyes flashed so piercingly that few dared look beneath his brow."
[Translation by Jesse L. Byock]
Nigel Pennick in his The Complete Illustrated Guide to the Runes informs us that the Helm of Awe is made up of 8 Elhaz runes combined with 24 cross arms that represent the runes of the Elder Futharc.
He states "In ancient Iceland, Helm of Awe amulets were made of lead, the metal ruled by the awesome power of the thunder-god, Thor. When a warrior preparing for combat used the insigil, he pressed a small lead Helm of Awe between his eyes. According to custom this is where the insigil should be worn, in the place where its power is greatest. The warrior then made the affirmation "I bear the Helm of Awe between my brows." Visualising the insigil and feeling its power, he went fearlessly into battle." Could this be the secret or one of the secrets of the famous Berserker rage?