Saturday, 31 December 2011
During my recent meditations and rune work I have reflected on the runes Ingwaz/Ing and Othala/Ethel/Odal. There is a clear similarity between the shapes of the Common Germanic Ingwaz and Othala. Othala appears to be an extension of Ingwaz. Often where there is a similarity in shape between two runes there is a connection of similar meaning.
Ingwaz or Ing as it was known to the Anglo-Saxons was dedicated to the God of the English-Ing, a fertility God who was probably one of the Vanir. Indeed scholars draw a connection between Him and Freyr, surnaming Him as Yngvi-Freyr, the ancestor of the Swedish royal dynasty. The Germanic Ingvaeones also take their name from Him.
It could very well be that Ing as a deity is far older than Freyr and Freyr simply adopted the functions and attributes of the more ancient deity. This was a common practice amongst the Aryan peoples. The Ingvaeones were a West Germanic alliance of peoples dwelling on the North Sea coast who more than likely took memories of their God with them when they participated in the great Germanic invasion and colonisation of what eventually became England from the mid 5th century CE onwards.
Using folk etymology we could ascribe Ing as being the father of the Inglish-English. He was a son of the great Germanic earth God Mannus[Aryo-Indian Manu]and consequently is an earth and fertility God Himself. Mannus also has His own rune but this article is not the place to explore this further.
[Ing] was first, among the East-Danes,
seen by men
until he again eastward[or "back"]
went over the wave;
the wain followed on;
this is what the warriors
called the hero.
[The Runecaster`s Handbook The Well of Wyrd by Edred Thorsson]
Othala as I said is an extension in form of Ingwaz and has the general meaning of ancestral land or property. One can extend this meaning further and include inborn qualities and the very nature and essence of Germanic man. It was for these reasons that the Third Reich adopted the Odal form of this rune to signify agriculture and the concept of Blut und Boden[blood and soil]and thus ancestral inheritance, an inheritance that can only be transmitted by the virtue of the blood and unblemished blood at that. It is therefore the rune of the family, clan, tribe, Volk[folk]and ancestral or genetic inheritance.
Estate] is very dear
to every man,
if he can enjoy what is right
and according to custom
in his dwelling,
most often in prosperity.
[Runecaster`s Handbook The Well of Wyrd by Edred Thorsson]
The Old English version of the name-ethel is associated with the concept of the atheling, the noble. As we know nobility can only be transmitted by the blood. It is an inborn concept although in the times of chilvary those who were not of noble birth could be elevated to the status of knight and after several generations of good selective breeding would become noble in both blood, deed and character. The German noun Adel has the same meaning and Adel or its equivalent is a prefix in many traditional German and English forenames.
The Othala rune has two clear parts two it-the upper shape which resembles Ingwaz and thus the inner garth and the lower staves which signify the outer garth. The seed of Ingwaz must be allowed to germinate safely in the protective inner garth, safe from any dangers and allowed to grow and be transformed and thus released into the outer garth where it may act and achieve great deeds in middle earth[midgard or middle garth] and achieve its full physical and spiritual potential. This is the interaction and dynamic that exists between Ingwaz and Othala.
The lore of the Aryo-Germanic peoples teaches us very clearly that noble characteristics are transmitted by blood and the evidence of these characteristics,ie heroic deeds is the material that furnishes the myths and legends of our great Germanic heroes such as Siegfried/Sigurd, Dietrich and Beowulf etc.
Thus we must safeguard our blood whether this be from the perils of war, famine or natural calamities or from the dangers of mscegenation. In a sense the other dangers can in the long run strengthen a people but miscegenation ultimately destroys it and is a `sin` against one`s ancestors and even more so against one`s descendants. It is this very danger that our folk needs to guard itself against today when our governments actively work for the genocide of our race.
Friday, 23 December 2011
The Frisian God Fosite possessed an axe and it was He who was considered the law giver and judge of the Frisian tribes. His temple is called Axenshowe. It is possible that this Fosite is the same deity referred to in the Norse Eddas as Forseti, the son of Baldr and Nanna, whose residence was Glitnir. He is represented in the Eddas as a God who settles disputes.
Alcuin in the 8th century CE refers to an island called Fositesland, situated between Frisia and Denmark and named in honour of the God who was worshipped there.
Fosite`s Nordic counterpart Forseti is mentioned once in the Elder Edda and four times in the Younger Edda.
"Glitnir is the tenth, it has golden buttresses,
and likewise is roofed with silver;
and there lives Forseti most days
and puts to sleep all quarrels."
"There is a hall called Glitnir, it is held up by golden pillars
and likewise roofed with silver. There Forseti dwells most
days and settles disputes."
"Then the Aesir instituted their banquet and twelve Aesir who were to be judges took their places in their thrones and their names are as follows: Thor, Niord, Freyr, Tyr, Heimdall, Bragi, Vidar, Vali, Ull, Haenir, Forseti, Loki;....."
"How shall Baldr be referred to? By calling him son of Odin and Frigg, husband of Nanna, father of Forseti,......"
"Yet shall be listed names of Aesir. There is Ygg and Thor and Yngvi-Freyr, Vidar and Baldr, Vali and Heimdall. Then there is Tyr and Niord, I list Bragi next, Hod,Forseti. Here is Loki last."
There are no adventures ascribed to Him in the Eddas which gives the impression that he may have been a `minor` God, if there can be such a thing! An alternative explanation is that he represents the image of a very ancient God. We should not forget that not a great deal is mentioned about the God Tyr in the Eddas but we know that He is a much older deity than Woden and once occupied the chief seat amongst the Gods. So it is quite possible that Forseti or Fosite was eclipsed by another God. If this is the case then who could this God have been?
My guess is that He is Thunor, Forseti`s uncle. This is not so unusual as one may think. Tyr who was once senior to Woden and probably existed at a time when Woden didn`t and yet nevertheless was relegated in the Eddas to being his `son`. We see a similar thing happening with Forseti becoming the nephew of Thunor although He may have been a much older deity.
Fosite, the God of the Frisians who made up part of the Anglo-Saxon tribes like Forseti was a God of justice as the legends surrounding the origin of the Lex Frisionum [Law of the Frisians]makes clear:
Wishing to assemble written lawcodes for all his subject peoples, Charlemagne summoned twelve representatives of the Frisian people, the Āsegas ('law-speakers'), and demanded they recite their people's laws. When they could not do so after several days, he let them choose between death, slavery, or being set adrift in a rudderless boat. They chose the last and prayed for help, whereupon a thirteenth man appeared, with a golden axe on his shoulder. He steered the boat to land with the axe, then threw it ashore; a spring appeared where it landed. He taught them laws and then disappeared.The stranger and the spring are identified with Fosite and the sacred spring of Fositesland.
In addition to being both Gods of justice and having similar names Fosite carries an axe and as previous articles on my Aryan Myth and Metahistory and Celto-Germanic Culture, Myth and History blogs make clear the axe was the prototype of the hammer of the Thunder God in both Germanic and Indo-European mythology. Thus there is a link between Him and the Thunder God Thunor. Also applying the practice of folk etymology there is also a link between the name of Thor and Foresti.
The judge`s or chairman`s gavel has its origins in the hammer or axe of this God of justice as alluded to in the writings of Rune Master and Ariosophist Guido von List.
Interestingly the reference to the twelve Asegas has a parallel with the 12 Aesir-the major male Gods that is who sat in judgement at the well of Urd each day.
I believe that the legend regarding Fosite and the Asegas is the remnant of a very ancient story preserved amongst the Frisians and reveals an earlier phase of Thunor as His wielding of an axe rather than a hammer indicates.
Sunday, 20 November 2011
"Five hundred doors, and forty eke, I think, are in Valhall, Eight hundred Einheriar will at once from each door go when they issue with the wolf to fight."
[The Lay of Grimnir,Younger Edda, Benjamin Thorpe translation].
At the time of the final battle Ragnarok 432,000 faithful warriors[540 x 800], dedicated to Woden, bearing the sign of the knot of the slain/chosen which mark them as belonging to Him will march forth to do battle against the forces of the evil desert idol jehovah and his fundamentalist muslim, christian and judaic hordes. This is reflected in the name Ragnarok itself which reading from right to left[the custom of non-Aryan languages] spells korangar-meaning the spear[gar is Germanic for spear] of the Koran.
The forces of jehovah are currently divided along the following lines:
.The `western`, `democratic`, christian/post-christian/humanist, zionist, capitalist world.
. The eastern, non-democratic, muslim world.
The latter has for the last 20 years been stirred up by the zionist-western world with the deliberate intention of moving towards an `Armageddon` or what we would term the Ragnarok, the destined end of the Gods, although we know from the Eddas that the Gods will not ultimatley die but will be replaced by a new generation of Gods, which I have thus far found 8 in number-Baldr, Hodr, Hoenir, Magni, Modi, Vidar, Vali and Njord. No Godesses are mentioned. I do not know if this was deliberate or merely an oversight.
Interestingly the number 432,000 is the number of years that the Kali Yuga will last according to Hindu mythology. Also the figure of 540 is repeated in The Lay of Grimnir at verse 24:
"Five hundred floors, and forty eke, I think, has Bilskirnir with its windings. Of all the roofed houses that I know, is my son`s the greatest."
The etymology of Bilskirnir is "the one striking lightning with rays of light".
Skaldskaparmal 4 says that Bilskirnir belongs to Thunor.
"It certainly hints vigorously at some common source from which these widely seperated traditions have descended and at some hidden meaning which makes this figure recur in them."[Page 80, The Masks of Odin Wisdom of the Ancient Norse by Elsa-Brita Titchenell.]
Clearly the composer of the Lay of Grimnir intended to draw a direct link between the 432,000 warriors and the event known as Ragnarok and this in turn is directly linked to the end of the Kali Yuga in the Hindu scriptures. As Elsa-Brita Titchenell rightly concludes they must have a common and thus an Aryan source which has been preserved in these two traditions.
Yet Rudolf Simek in his Dictionary of Northern Mythology under the entry for Valhall conjectures that the number may be "traced back to Hellenic influence" without offering a scintilla of evidence and then laughably goes on to say it "is not a number of any particular significance". Mr Simek, I beg to differ!
Sunday, 23 October 2011
`Woden` is volume four of an exciting new series of books edited by Troy Southgate-`Thoughts & Perspectives`.
It consists of 11 powerful essays by 9 contributors including Wulf Ingessunu[also recently published in `Northern Traditions`], Offa Whitesun and Troy Southgate of Woden`s Folk. Other contributors are Dr KR Bolton, Mark Mirabello[author of The Odin Brotherhood],Eowyn[Odinic Rite], Mariella Shearer, Osred[author of Odinism, present, past and future]and Bjorn Grimgal.
This is one of the most powerful books on the subject of the Germanic God Woden/Wotan/Odin that I have read in a long time and managed to finish reading the entire book in just a few days. For me one of the most exciting essays[they are all powerful and inspiring] was Dr Bolton`s `Woden As Archetype The Carl Jung Essay` which draws together all the threads which connect Dr Jung`s work on Wotan, his correspondence with Miguel Serrano and the mystical Wotanist experiences of the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. This essay must be read and reread!
It is also good to see Wulf Ingessunu`s work beginning to reach a far wider audience and I thank Mr Southgate for that.
Please Mr Southgate I would like to see further published work on the subject of the Germanic people`s primary deity!
Monday, 17 October 2011
Last Friday I had an unusual experience when the vision in my left eye was affected. At the time I thought that I might be going blind but a subsequent medical examination revealed it to be an ocular or retinal migraine.
When I closed my left eye I could see a bright fiery ring, a semi-circle in fact and within the rim of this semi-circle I could clearly perceive a sequence of runes.
I blinked and closed my eyes and the same thing happened again.
After several days of reflecting on this stange episode I was reminded that the great Rune Lord Himself, Woden, our All-Father sacrificed an eye in order to gain the wisdom of the runes. We should remember that Woden did not `invent` the runes: they did not originate with Him for they are in a sense timeless. They revealed themselves to Him whilst He hung suspended on the world tree in an apparent shamanic trance state.
"I know that I hung, on a wind-rocked tree, nine whole nights, with a spear wounded, and to Odin offered, myself to myself; on that tree, of which no one knows from what root it springs.
Bread no one gave me, nor a horn of drink, downward I peered, to runes applied myself, wailing learnt them, then fell down thence."
[Poetic Edda, Havamal 140-141]
It is more than possible that whilst in this state Woden was deprived of some if not all of his normal 5 senses and he may have perceived the runes in His `mind`s eye`.
Woden sacrificed an eye to the well of Mimir in exchange for wisdom:
"The owner of this well is called Mimir. He is full of wisdom, because he drinks the waters of the well from the horn Gjoll every morning. One day All-Father came and begged a draught of this water, which he obtained, but was obliged to leave one of his eyes as a pledge for it."
The runes are inextricably linked with the acquisition of wisdom and they have an existence which is independant of the Gods.
The great Rune Master Guido von List received the revelation of his Armanen Futhork whilst in a state of blindness which lasted 11 months following a cataract operation in 1902. Interestingly his 18 rune Futhork is compatable with the 18 rune stanza poem in Havamal, known as the Runatal.
Sunday, 25 September 2011
In Tacitus` Germania he refers to Germanic priests drawing "lots" with "certain signs" being marked upon them:
"They attend to auspices and lots like no one else. Their practice with lots is straightforward. Cutting a branch from a fruit tree, they chop it into slips and, after marking these out with certain signs, cast them completely at random over a white cloth. Then a civic priest, if the consultation is official, or the head of the family, if private, prays to the gods and, gazing up at the heavens, draws three seperate slips: these he interprets by the previously inscribed mark. If the lots are opposed, consultation on the matter is over for that day; but if they allow, the confirmation of the auspices is still required."[Section 10.1]
Although Tacitus does not refer to these marks as runes, given that we have surviving runic inscriptions dating back to about 150CE and we should remember that most inscriptions if they were made on materials such as wood would have perished anyway.Tacitus would not have known that these marks were runes or letters as such as they would have been unfamiliar to him. He wrote his Germania around 98CE, around or shortly after their appearance in the historical or archaeological record.
It is significant that Tacitus refers to the drawing of three slips or rune staves. This is a practice that is in common use today by Rune Masters in divination and reflects the activities of the three Norns or Nornir, Urd[that which has become], Verdandi[that which is becoming] and Skuld[that which should occur]; in simplistic terms, past, present and future. It is after the one rune reading one of the simplest methods that can be used but at the same time gives great insight into the root cause of a condition or set of circumstances as well as the present issue and likely outcome.
We should not view the future as fixed. By interacting with the Norns via the rune staves we can help shape the future as this is largely dependant on current action and past circumstances. To a large extent each man can help to shape his own wyrd.
The Norns remind me of the the female deities that are attested to on votive stones in the western Rhein region in present day Germany and France. The Matronae or matrons/mothers were fertility Goddesses who are presented in groups of three, two usually wearing some form of female head attire and the third bare headed, representing a young girl, possibly a virgin. This in particular reminds me of the Norn Skuld, who is presented as the youngest of the three. We should assume that the Matrons are Germanic or at least Celto-Germanic as they are featured wearing indigenous styles of clothing, not Roman as one would have expected if the cult originated with them.
Sunday, 7 August 2011
Many years ago when I was a young man, approximately 20 years of age I had a hypnopompic dream or at least I thought that it was a dream. I may very well have been in a light trance at the time. Back then and even now it is difficult for me to distinguish which it may have been.
I heard an audible voice say to me as I was lying on my bed, "Behold I show you a mystery" which corresponds with a verse from the New Testament[I Corinthians 15:51];
"Behold I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory."
Back then I had already started out on my spiritual path, my quest for wisdom, knowledge and truth and living in a nominally Christian country it was natural that I should seek such wisdom in the Christian tradition and so I had began an exhaustive biblical study to seek answers and indeed to seek the right questions to answer!
However I was not consciously familiar with this verse although I may very well have encountered it in my readings and thus it may have sunk down into my Subconscious mind. However this may have happened its revelation to me marked a moment of transition or initiation into the mysteries or RUNA as we would call it in the Rune Gild.
It is significant that only the very first part of the verse from I Corinthians was revealed to me which had no obvious Christian content whatsoever. Only now after 30 years do I understand the message of this `dream` if that is what it is.
"Behold I show you a mystery" corresponds very well to the motto of the Rune Gild: "Reyn til Runa!"[Search out the mysteries].
It is through the dream state that our ancestors were able to communicate with the Gods, Goddesses, ancestors and other advanced spiritual entities. They are still communicating with us this way today.
Sunday, 12 June 2011
I discovered an interesting connection between the pealing of church bells and the sign of the Swastika/hammer of Thunor in Stephen Taylors The Fylfot File. Rev. Taylor states that the Flyfot appears on a number of church bells in the mid-eastern counties of England. He has identified 40 churches that contain such Flyfots in Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire and Yorksire. Of course these counties are situated in the old Danelaw part of England where Germanic heathenism was reintroduced to a christianised Anglo-Saxon population by Danish settlers.
He believes that the occurence of the Flyfot is linked to pre-Christian Germanic tradition. The Fylfot as we know represents the hammer of Thunor/Thor,Donar and in Sweden in Thor`s temples the sound of thunder was imitated by the striking of pieces of metal with a hammer. There may be also an association between this and the presence of cauldrons in myths relating to Thor. Quoting from another author[Ernest J. Eitel] he states: "Perhaps also you remember to have heard that among the German peasantry and in Iceland the same figure is used as a magical charm to dispel thunder."
Rev Taylor goes on to refer to the medieaval custom English custom of ringing church bells to dispel storms and pestilence. Many European bells bore the Latin inscription Fulgura Frango, "I break up the lightning".
He also refers to an Icelandic magical ritual which was intended to deter or punish thieves:"If a man owns a `Thor`s Hammer`, he will know who it is who has robbed him if he loses anything. To make this hammer, one must have copper from a church bell, three times stolen. The hammer must be hardened in human blood on a Whitsunday, between the reading of the Epistle and the Gospel. A spike must also be forged out of the same material as the hammer, and this spike one must jab against the head of the hammer, saying: "I drive this in the eye of the Father of War, I drive this in the eye of the Father of the Slain, I drive this in the eye of Thor of the Aesir." The thief will then feel pain in his eyes; if he does not return the stolen goods, the procedure is repeated, and then the thief will lose one eye; but should it prove necessary to repeat it a third time, he will lose the other eye too."[Quoted via Icelandic Folktales and Legends, Jacqueline Simpson].
We can learn much about our ancient religion by analysing certain aspects of medieaval church practice which contains many elements of our ancient faith. The above image is that of an early sign of a Thorshammar. One can clearly see the fusion of the traditional hammer of Thor and that of the Flyfot.
Sunday, 1 May 2011
All the Gods and Goddesses are but aspects of the All-Father who is Himself a revelation of the Absolute, the unknown, unknowable, unrevealed, impersonal and immaterial God.
This Urgott is androgenous but in order to experience He/She/It must first divide Him/Her/Itself into male and female, to become a divine dyad. Spirit must condense and become spirit/matter,soul/body,light/darkness,day/night,heat/cold,fire/water etc.
We find that the Gods obtain their divine consorts[Wuotan/Frigga,etc].
The dyad subsequently becomes the triad. Throughout the Eddas we find that All-Father Wuotan/Wotan/Woden/Odin is often accompanied by two other Gods:
The Aesir gives form to humanity and lower intelligence but it is Wuotan alone who grants spirit,soul that imparts to them the divine ray. This triad is also present in the three Norns-Urda, Verdandi and Skuld. We also see this replicated in the Listian concept of Arising-Becoming-Passing Away to New Arising.
The three most holy ones subdivide into the heptad, represented by the 7 planetary spirits:
Sun-the Urfyr[pimaeval fire], All-Father symbolised by the empty circle, representing not only the sun but eternity. This is the central and most important celestial body, without which there can be no life in this physical and material plane of being and becoming.
Moon-Mani/Mannus/Manu-the progenitor of Aryan humanity-the only true humanity which originates on the moon which is considerably older than the earth.
This system replicates itself in the days of the week-
All the Aryan peoples have a continual reminder about the legacy of their ancient and ancestral Gods in the days of the week. There are of course seven colours in the spectrum of the rainbow but we must remember that three of these-blue, yellow and red are the most important and only true colours. The other four merely mark transitional phases in the spectrum. We find this concept also in the idea of the three most important Gods-Wuotan and the other two[who of course vary in identity].
Ariosophy speaks of seven elements-fire, water, air, earth and aether. The sixth and seventh elements will not be revealed until the emergence of the sixth and seventh Root Races.
There are 7 Goddesses of love-Gefion, Snotra, Siofna, Loba, Wara, Syna and Fene.
The seven must be viewed as the division of the white light into the seven-leveled spectrum of the rainbow. Also in music tones rise along seven levels to a higher octave.
There are also seven Root Races and humanity is currently at the end of the fifth Aryan Root Race and is preparing itself for its higher spiritual evolution into the sixth Root Race. Man will start to ascend back into spirit, away from matter. The heptad further divides into the twelve High Holy Gods of the North, referred to in the Eddas and respresented by the 12 signs of the zodiac, the twelve months of the year and the twelve halls of the Gods.
Saturday, 26 March 2011
The Valknut is one of the most mysterious of Germanic sacred symbols and is associated with the God Woden/Wotan/Odin.
It consists of three interlocked triangles and appears on a number of objects, ranging from standing stones to rings and other items. The Germanic scholar Hilda Ellis Davidson stated: "...beside the figure of Odin on his horse shown on several memorial stones there is a kind of knot depicted, called the valknut, related to the triskele. This is thought to symbolise the power of the god to bind and unbind, mentioned in the poems and elsewhere. Odin has power to lay bonds upon the mind, so that men become helpless in battle, and he could also loosen the tensions of fear and strain by his gifts of battle-madness, intoxification, and inspiration. Symbols resembling this knot of Odin are found beside figures of the horse and wolf on certain cremation urns from early heathen cemetries in East Anglia."[Page 147 of Gods and Myths of Northern Europe].
Edred Thorsson in his Futhark A Handbook of Rune Magic states on page 107: "Valknutr[the knot of the fallen, or chosen]-the Nine Worlds embodied in the three realms in eternal unity expressing the evolutionary law of arising-being/becoming-passing-away to new beginning." This clearly demonstrates a key idea in Listian thought.
Nigel Pennick in his Practical Magic in the Northern Tradition[page 200] states:"The valknut is composed of three interlinked equilateral triangles. The nine lines symbolize the nine worlds of the Norse tradition, the power of three times three. Specifically, it is a symbol of Odin, and is sometimes used with an eye at the centre. As a protector, it invokes the power of eternal unity. Its name means the knot of the fallen[or chosen] ones.
Ron McVan in his Creed of Iron on page 88 states: "Valknut. "Knot of the slain", this is the sign of Wotan symbolizing his power of binding and loosening, which is especially shown in the field of battle. The Valknut is worn only by those who choose to give themselves to Wotan. The Valknut is a sign to Wotan that one is ready to be taken into the ranks of his chosen warriors at any time he chooses."
The Valknut like the Hammer of Thunor may be traced in the air as a means of blessing.
Clearly this sacred sign has a shamanic function as hinted by Nigel Pennick with his reference to the nine lines symbolizing the nine worlds of Germanic mythology. We recall that Woden is the rider of Yggdrasil, the world tree and is able to manifest Himself in different dimensions not being bound by the normal laws of time and space that govern our lives here in Midgard. The association of the Valknut with the wolf referred to by Hilda Ellis Davidson also hints at further shamanic links as the shifting from man into animal, especially the wolf in the Northern Tradition is a shamanic function. We recall also the Volsunga dynasty or the Wuffingas as they were known in East Anglia and their abilty to transform into the form of the wolf. Clearly they have inherited this abilty from their divine ancestor the wolf lord Woden.
As the aforementioned authors pointed out the wearing of this symbol does signify our readiness to be both used by the High God Woden and if necessary to die for Him. Those who don this sign must therefore think extremely carefully before doing so as Woden will not forget any bargain made.
Sunday, 2 January 2011
Karl Maria Wiligut put forward the concept of a Maidenschaft or `society of maidens` in ancient pre-historic Germanic times[see the aforementioned essay in Secret King by Dr Stephen Edred Flowers and Michael Moynihan.]which was divided into four distinct levels and collectively were known as BURGMADIENS:
The HEXAS-Their responsibility was primarily the care and preservation of the eternal flame which was used in part for signalling purposes between burgs and these Hexas were also initiated into herbology and animal healing. They represented the lowest level of Bugmaidens.
The DRUDAS-Their responsibility was primarily to act as wise counselors but also like the Hexas they had knowledge of herb lore and used their knowledge and surgical skills for the healing of humans.
The WALAS-Their primary responsibility was the management of the Maidenschaft and had to possess all the knowledge of the two lower levels. They were repositories of clanic and tribal knowledge and had the powers of Hell-sehen[clairvoyance] and Hel-sehen[necromancy].
The ALBRUNAS-They were the highest group and like the Walas they acted as counselors but for the entire Volk.
Much of this teaching is compatable with the details found in the mysterious Frisian chronicle called the Oera Linda Book. Hermann Wirth, the first president of the Deutsches Ahnenerbe translated it into German in 1933 and this caused controversy in National Socialist circles because of the implied matriarchal nature of ancient Frisian and Germanic society. This concept is carried over into Wirth`s 1928 work Der Aufgang der Menscheit[The Rise of Mankind].
The Oera Linda Book uses very much the same terminology as Wiligut and focuses on the importance of the maintenance of the eternal flame which was used for sacred ceremonial purposes. As in other Aryan societies the sacred flame was tended by virgin priestesses and each family`s hearth was lit by this flame.
"Whenever a burgh is built, the lamp belonging to it must be lighted at the original lamp in Texland, and that can only be done by the folk-mother."
Chapter VI of The Oera Linda Book].
Wiligut maintains that not only were the Burgmaidens virgins but it was also preferred that wherever possible that hermaphrodites were initiated into this order of priestesses. Their exclusion from mating practices helped to limit their sexual activity and thus ensure that this abnormality was not transmitted to other generations. An interesting application of practical eugenics!
Wiligut`s use of the term Burgmaiden also corresponds with the term Burgtmaagd to be found in the Oera Linda Book. The mother of the white races to be found in Atland, the original location of this Germanic civilisations was called Frya, the daughter of Irtha[Erde, Mother Earth] and Wr-alda, a form of the All-Father. The astute reader will note the similarity of Frya with the name of the Vanadis Freyja.
The author of The Other Atlantis and Secrets of Lost Atland Robert Scrutton has this to say in The Other Atlantis[page 24]: "The ancestors of Frya`s white race may have been the tall Cro-Magnons who left evidence of their skills in Europe. Archaeological evidence suggests that Cro-Magnon man was well over six feet tall, intelligent and good-looking."
Frya was clearly Nordic in appearance: "Frya was white like the snow at sunrise, and the blue of her eyes vied with the rainbow. Beautiful Frya! Like the rays of the sun shone the locks of her hair, which were as fine as spider`webs."[Chapter II of the Oera Linda Book].
It is interesting that the second highest group were called Drudas which no doubt is related to the Celtic priestly order of Druids.Peter Berresford Ellis in his book The Druids provides evidence for the existence of female Druids and many Celtic scholars propose that the orders of Druids did in fact continue to exist in post conversion times and formed the basis of medieaval hospitals, monasteries and nunneries.
Ancient Roman writers such as Tacitus give examples of Germanic priestesses and present them as powerful figures with a great deal of political influence.
The seeress Veleda was apparently even revered almost as a divinity. Pre-christian Germanic man regarded women, especially those who were noble-born as being repositories of divine wisdom and even powerful princes and chieftains often consulted with them for advice on how to proceed in matters of peace and war. "In the days of the Divine Vespasian we saw how Veleda was long esteemed by many as a supernatural power, and they have in the past revered Aurina also, and many others: not like sycophants, though, making them gods."[Tacitus` Germania:8.2]
There are many other things that may be discussed from our studies of the Oera Linda Book which I hope to cover in future articles on this blog.