Sunday, 26 May 2013
In the past I have discussed how the Wolfshook or Wolfsangel Rune has been used both in the Thirty Years War[1618-1648] and in the German anti-western resistance Werhwolf movement[incorrectly spelled `Werwolf` by some] in the later stages and aftermath of WWII.
Hermann Loens refers to this symbol in his novel Wehrwolf, published as Warwolf in English speaking countries. Wehrwolf[warwolf] is a play on the word Werwolf[Werewolf]-man wolf. It is interesting that both terms can be used interchangeably in a symbolic sense when referring to the Wehrwolf resistance and the characters in Loens`s book. The Wolfsangel was used as a badge of defiance by the German peasantry against the alien forces of occupation in 17th century northern Germany. I am also reminded how Sigmund and his nephew-son Sinfjotli were able to transform themselves into wolves by donning wolf skins in order to fight their enemies. They were the original wolfsheads.
The Wolfsangel was also used as a boundary marker in German forests and later would appear on German forestry uniforms in the 18th century. It is still used as a boundary marker today in my late mother`s homeland of Nieder Sachsen[Lower Saxony]. This symbol appears on many heraldic signs.
Wolfsangel is defined as a `rune` in the loosest sense of the term as it does not appear in any of the Futhorcs or Futharcs but it does resemble some of the runes, such as Eihwaz or Eoh, the 13th rune of the Elder[Common Germanic] Futharc and the Anglo-Saxon/Anglo-Frisian/Northumbrian Futhorc.
It also bears a resemblance to Gibor, the 18th rune of the Armanen Futhorc. As far as I am aware this association does not appear to have been commented on by runic scholars in the English speaking world. Siegfried Adolf Kummer in his Heiligen Runenmacht does alter the form of Gibor to make it more closely resemble the Wolfsangel. This is seen most clearly in the diagramme of The Magical Rune-Circle found on page 11 of Rune=Magic, translated by Edred Thorsson. Nigel Pennick, a notable English rune scholar only comments on the similarity between Gibor and the swastika[see The Complete Illustrated Guide to the Runes].
The original purpose of the Wolfshook of course was to destroy wolves and yet paradoxically as wolfsheads we use this as our symbol of defiance against the forces of decay in the Kali Yuga. I have pondered this question for a long time and I believe that I have found the answer. I believe that we associate with this symbol for reasons which are buried in our Racial Collective Unconscious. If we consider that at Ragnarok the all devouring Fenris wolf swallows the sun, personified as the Goddess Sol and also Woden. Prior to these events he also maimed Tiw by biting off His right hand. He is thus a threat to the solar order of the Gods but he will be destroyed by Woden`s avenging son, Wid-Ar. Could it be that the weapon which Wid-Ar will use is the Wolfsangel? We can see now why this rune has a deep resonance with Wodenists and in my case particularly so due to my Lower Saxon ancestry.