Thursday, 26 December 2013

The Black Sun[Die Schwarze Sonne] in Eddic Mythology and Fairytale

The Black Sun, known as Santur in the Irminist Weltanschauung of Karl Maria Willigut [1866-1946, also known as Jarl Widar, Karl Maria Weisthor and Lobesam] is the companion or binary star of our current active sun and should be regarded as a Counter-Sun, which was once active until the time of Homer, who referred to it as Hyperion[meaning `the High Wanderer`]. It then lost its struggle to the current sun and became dark, a Black Sun. This ongoing struggle between Santur and the active Sun which we may call Sol or Sunna has been going on for millions of years and at one time two suns would have been visible in the sky. Santur was the sun which was present at the time of the seeding of our Hyperborean Aryan Nordic race at the North Pole. [See The Arctic Home in the Vedas by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, 1903].

Consequently the energies of this Black Sun were responsible for the formation of the psyche of Aryan man. The rays from this sun may still be received today by the Aryan initiate through the practice of various spiritual disciplines such as Rune Yoga, meditation and auto-hypnosis. Wiligut refers to Santur in Charm 27[Halgarita Sprueche]:

"Sunur saga santur tvo
Sintyr peri fuir sprueh
Wiligoti haga tharn
Halga fuir santur tvo."

 The preservation of our biological purity and the practice of Rune Yoga will help us to regain seemingly lost arcane knowledge. Nothing is ever truly lost; all can be recovered through trance and dream work providing we do not desecrate our divine blood lines. Aryan man alone is the true and original representation of the God-Man, the most authentic representation of man, apart from the beast man. Our enemies today would have us to forget our divine origins by engaging in the racial sin of miscegenation. This is the real hidden motive for the assault upon our Aryan homelands by the alien.

Two essential texts which should be on the bookshelves of all Aryosophists are Rune Might by Edred Thorsson and Nos, Book of the Resurrection by Miguel Serrano, recently republished by the 55 Club.

Our current active sun will soon become passive and dormant before it is eclipsed by Santur, which will again become active. At the time of its reactivation Aryan man will enjoy a new Golden Age and experience the next level of his upward evolution after our current temporary involution has ceased. This is prophesied in the Voluspa:

"The sun turns black, earth sinks into the sea,
the bright stars vanish from the sky;
         steam rises up in the conflagration,
         a high flame plays against heaven itself."[verse 57, Larrington translation]

Benjamin Thorpe`s translation is a little different and he numbers this verse as 56 in his version:

"The sun darkens, earth in ocean sinks, fall from heaven the bright stars, fire`s breath assails the all-nourishing tree, towering fire plays against heaven itself."

This verse tells the darkening of the current sun but this is only the prelude to the remergence of the current inactive Black Sun in our skies:

"Elf-disc will bear a daughter,
           before Fenrir assails her;

           she shall ride, when the Powers die,

           the girl on her mother`s paths." [Vathrudnirsmal 47, Larrington translation]

The Thorpe translation:

"A daughter shall Alfrodull bear, ere Fenrir shall have swallowed her. The maid shall ride, when the powers die, on her mother`s course."

Both versions name Fenrir, the slayer of Sol but we know from Girmnismal 39 that the wolf  which pursues Sol across the sky is called Skoll and the one which pursues Her brother Mani is Hati:

  "Skoll a wolf is called who pursues the shining god
             to the protecting woods;

            and another is Hati, he is Hrodvitnir`s son,

            who chases the bright bride of heaven."[Larrington]

"Skoll the wolf is named, that the fair-haired goddess to the ocean chases; another Hati hight, he is Hrodvitnir`s son; he the bright maid of heaven shall precede."[Thorpe]

The two things that Fenrir and Skoll have in common is that they both are said to swallow a deity. This portrays in poetic language the eclipse of Sol by Santur. This antangonism between the two suns is also mirrored in the story of the contest between Loki and Utgard-Loki via his servant Loge in the Prose Edda book, Gylfaginning.

The myth of the swallowing of the sun by a wolf is also to be found in folklore, in particular in the European fairytale which Grimm titled Rotkaeppchen or Little Red Riding Hood in which Rotkaeppchen`s red clothing is symbolic of the sun.

Tuesday, 17 December 2013

The Claiomh Solais, the Sword of Nuada and Tiw

From the city of the city of Findias the Tuatha De Danann brought the Claiomh Solais, the shining Sword of Nuada, the Irish equivalent of the Germanic Tiw/Tyr. To the Welsh He was known as Nudd and to the Gauls, Nodens. Like Tiw He was one-handed, having lost a hand in a battle with the Firbolg at the First Battle of Magh Tuireadh. He was given a substitute silver hand and thereafter became known as Nuada Argetlamhor or Nuada of the Silver Hand. Initially like Tiw He was regarded as the highest of the Gods but was later replaced by Bres just as Tiw was replaced by Woden. Both Tiw and Nuada were Gods of the sword. No doubt the disfigurement is the primary reason or excuse for His replacement.

Nuada may be derived from the Proto-Indo-European *neu-d, meaning `to go fishing`. If this is the case then there may be a further link between Nuada and the Fisher King of the Parsifal legend. Just as Parsifal may represent a disguised form of Woden, the God of the spear, the Fisher King represents Tiw.
Saxnot, the divine ancestor of the Saxons was also a sword God and may represent a specifically Saxon form of Tiw. The Anglo-Saxon form of the name is Seaxneat. The Seax of course was the Saxon war-knife, thus the Saxons were the `people of the sword`.  He is referred to in the 8th century CE Old Saxon Baptismal Vow alongside Woden and Thunaer:

"End ec forsacho allum dioboles uuercum and uuordum, Thunaer ende Uuôden ende Saxnôte ende allum thêm unholdum thê hira genôtas sin."

Translated:  "I renounce all the deeds and words of the devil, Thunear, Wōden and Saxnōt, and all those fiends that are their companions."

He was thus clearly an important God to our ancestors to be ranked alongside both Woden and Thunaer. This is not surprising as Tiw is the Germanic version of the Proto-Indo-European sky father  *deiwos. He was originally the God before all Gods.

The granting of a magical sword is a common theme in both Germanic and Celtic mythology. One only has to think of two of the most well-known examples, the drawing of Arthur`s sword from the stone and Siegmund drawing the stone from the tree. Here we have an association between the Stone of Destiny and the  Sword of Nuada. Ultimately metal is drawn from rock. The stone hammer or axe of Thunar gives way to the iron Mjolnir.

The Tiwaz/Tir/Tyr rune is of course the rune of Tiw. It resembles however a spear not a sword. This is an indication that when Woden eclipsed Tiw He gained also Tiw`s original weapon and symbol of regality. In Irish mythology Lugh is also a late-comer and He also brandishes a magical spear as a sign of office. Eventually the spear became a symbol of Germanic kings and chieftains and was regarded with greater importance than the crown itself.

"Tyr is a one-handed god;
often has the smith to blow".[Old Norwegian Rune Poem, translation by Bellows]

" Tyr = god with one hand
and leavings of the wolf
and prince of temples."[Old Icelandic Rune Poem, Bellows]

The Old English Rune Poem, heavily xtianised and sanitised of the old Gods paints a different picture for this rune:

"Tir  is a (guiding) star; well does it keep faith
with princes; it is ever on its course
over the mists of night and never fails."[Bellows]

Unlike the other two poems it does draw attention to the polar nature of Tiw and despite the xtian scribe`s best efforts indirectly points to the Indo-European *deiwos deity!  Like the spear the sword is a symbol of masculine polarity whilst the stone and cauldron have a feminine polarity. 

Sunday, 15 December 2013

The Slea Luin-the Spear of Lugh, the Spear of Wodan, the Spear of Parsifal and the Rune Gar

From the city of Gorias the Tuatha De Danann brought the Slea Luin, the spear of Lugh. Lugh is one of several Celtic deities associated with Wodan. He was known as Lugh to the Irish, Lleu to the Welsh and Lugus to the Gauls. Like Wodan He was a father of heroes such as Cuchulainn. As a martial God Lugh held a spear as one of His weapons. The origins of His name are uncertain. One school of thought is that His name is derived from Proto-Indo-European *leuk,  `to shine` but this is contested. The other theory is that it is derived from *leug, `black`,` to break` or `to swear an oath`. The latter interpretation dovetails with one of the concepts of Wodan as sacred oaths were sworn on the point of His spear, Gungnir.
Another association with Wodan is reflected in the fact that both Gods were patrons of the arts and of high magic. When engaging in magic Lugh would hop on one leg with one eye closed which reminds us of the one-eyed Wodan.

Spears feature prominently in both Celtic and Germanic mythology. Cuchulainn like his father Lugh possessed a magical spear, the Gae Bolg which was given to him by his mentor Scathach who taught him the martial arts. She is very much like the Germanic shield maiden in this regard. Gae is derived from the Proto-Celtic *gaisos. We are reminded of the similarity between gae and the Old English gar which is derived from the Proto-Germanic *gaisaz.

"The word would appear to have originally been a Celto-Germanic term, in the same way the word runo is shared between them."[ALU. An Advanced Guide to Operative Runology, Edred Thorsson, 2012]

Gar is also the 33rd rune of the Northumbrian Futhorc and is the runic symbol for Woden. According to runologist Nigel Pennick[See Wyrdstaves of the North, 2010] Gar stand outside of the four runic aetts, being the final and central rune around which all the others circulate; it is the central pole, the axis. Gar is a combination of the Gyfu rune superimposed over the Ing rune, thus meaning the `gift of Ing`, Ing being the divine ancestor of the English folc. Furthermore a careful study of the rune will demonstrate that it contains all the other runes within itself, making this probably the most powerful of all runes in addition to its association with Woden. Gar is therefore self-sufficient and this is why it stands alone. Interestingly the Gar rune was used as a mother`s jewellery pendant and worn by wives of members of SS Standarte 72 based near Detmold.

Three magical cauldrons were required to soothe the hot spear of Lugh after its battle frenzy. The phallic symbolism of the immersion of the hot spear into a cauldron of liquid is obvious. We are immediately reminded of the association between the spear of Parsifal and the holy gral in its form as a chalice rather than as a stone. Although in Arthurian mythology we also have the symbol of the magical sword embedded in the stone. This picture reminds us of both the Claiomh Solais, the sword of Nuada and the Lia Fail, the Stone of Destiny. In the Volsunga Saga there is of course the related imagery of the sword placed into the tree by Wodan for the hero Sigmund to draw out as the appointed hero. In Wolfram von Eschenbach`s Parzival the connected symbols are the spear and the gral as a stone.

The spear is not just a martial weapon; it is a regal symbol, one originally associated with the great High God Wodan. Consequently Germanic kings who regarded themselves as the descendants of Wodan always carried a special spear as a sign of their kingship.

"When the Germanic peoples were first Christianized their kings and chieftains typically carried spears as symbols of their sovereign power-a power ultimately derived from their own `divine blood`. The divine blood stemmed from their god-like ancestors-called anseis by the Goths as we have seen."[The Mysteries of the Goths, Edred Thorsson, 2007, Limited First Edition]

With the enforced xtianisation of the Germanic peoples the spear of Wodan became the spear of Parsifal. It became the symbol of Parsifal`s divine authority as a god-king. Some draw a connection between this spear and the so-called `Spear of Longinus` or `Spear of Destiny`[see Trevor Ravenscroft`s The Spear of Destiny, 1973 and Mark of the Beast. The Continuing Story of the Spear of Destiny, 1990]

We know that the Spear of Longinus[if this is not a substitute!] dates back no earlier than the 8th to 10th centuries CE and is of Germanic manufacture[see Thorsson, page 106, 2007]

"As a symbol, the spear clearly has its origins in pre-Christian usage. Albert Brachmann, writing in Deutsches Archiv 6[1943], pp. 407-09, clearly outlines the development of the symbolism of the spear of Wodan into a spear of supposed Christian significance."

Edred then goes on to point out that the use of the spear as a symbol in the coronation of Langobardic kings was of greater significance than the reception of the crown. Indeed he believes that the Spear of Longinus was most likely of Langobardic manufacture. Readers may recall that Wodan placed a special blessing upon the Langobards, formerly called the Winnilli after being tricked by His wife Frijjo. It is He who gave them their name, Langobards because of their long beards. The Langobards called Him Godan.

Saturday, 7 December 2013

The Coire Anseasc, the Gral and the Rune Calc

From the city of Murias the Tuatha De Danann brought the Coire Anseasc, the Cauldron of the Dagda, the Irish All-Father. It is said that:

"no company ever went away from it unsatisfied."[The Lebor Feasa Runda, 2008, Steven L. Akins]

This reminds me of what is said about the Holy Gral that it was able to produce precious food for the knights who guarded it. The Gral is portrayed as a sacred stone in Wolfram von Eschenbach`s Parzival but it is also portrayed as a cup in other mediaeval literature. I believe that these two different concepts, the stone and the cup which are both perceived as being the Gral are in fact two different objects that have become confused into one single concept. The Anglo-Saxon Futhorc`s  Gral Runes, Calc, Stan and Gar reflect both the stone and the cup version of the Gral as do the Four Hallows of the Tuatha De Danann, the stone, spear, sword and the cauldron. The confusion was brought about by the attempted xtianisation of what in fact are Indo-European concepts.

Cauldrons are very common in Celtic and Germanic mythology and usually have special life enhancing or life endowing powers attributed to them. A cauldron features in Hymiskvida where Thor and Tyr set off on an adventure to obtain a huge cauldron from the giant Hymir for the brewing of mead for a feast of the Gods, to be hosted by Aegir.

There is of course the famous Gundestrup Cauldron discovered in 1891 in a Danish peat bog. It is made of silver and is dated to have been made sometime between 200BCE and 300CE. Its decoration is conjectured to be either Celtic or Thracian symbolism. This may originally have belonged to a Celtic tribe living south of the River Elbe and subsequently looted by the Cimbri and taken to Denmark. The cauldron may in fact be a combined cultural product of Celts, Teutons and other Indo-European tribes. The imagery on one of the plates suggests that a God is reviving a warrior by immersing him into a cauldron.

The life giving, life enhancing and nourishing powers of Parzival`s Gral clearly are an echo of ancient Germanic and Celtic religious belief and have nothing to do with the xtian religion. What xtianity could not destroy in Northern Europe it plagiarised-a common trait of Abrahamic religions.

"Some may be confused to some extent by what seems to be the Christian symbolism of the Grail-however, the astounding fact is that there was originally nothing Christian about it."[ALU An Advanced Guide to Operative Runology, Edred Thorsson, 2012]

The Gral as a cup or chalice is figured in the Calc rune. Thorsson discusses in ALU how the heathen Germanic sacred drinking vessel of the horn was xtianised into a cup or chalice. Horns from the aurochs were used for both sacred and profane drinking. The golden horns of Gallehus are a glorious and typical example of the sacred nature of the drinking horn.

"Horns were even used in the early Germanic church in place of the Romano-Christian chalice-a practice outlawed by the church."[ALU]

The word calc apparently is a borrowing from Latin but in Old Norse it is known as kalkr, `chalice` which can also be used in a heathen context. So the word calc and the obvious horn shape of the rune stave make it very clear what it is supposed to represent.

Nigel Pennick in Wyrdstaves of the North [2010] states:

"This rune has the literal meaning of a ritual container or an offering cup, such as the maple-wood Wassail bowl used in the rites of Yuletide, and the spiritual vessels in Celtic and Christian mythology, such as the Cauldron of Wisdom and the Holy Grail."

He believes that the rune can be used magically to contact the dead. If one considers also how it resembles a tree with three roots and how these go down into the underworld it certainly does have this connotation. We should also remember how Woden deposited His eye in Mimir`s well in order to acquire wisdom and the well could also be thought of as a cauldron of inspiration.

It is interesting to note that a special golden cauldron resembling the Gundestrup Cauldron was made for the SS and was possibly used in rites carried out at Schloss Wewelsburg. This was later deposited in the Chiemsee in Bavarian in the closing days of WWII and recovered by divers in 2001.

Sunday, 1 December 2013

The Lia Fail, the Gral and the Rune Stan

This article is dedicated to the discussion and exploration of the symbolism of the Lia Fail, the Stone of Destiny. One of the four Hallows of the Tuatha De Danann it has its origins in the mysterious city of  Falias, one of the four cities of the Tuatha in their original homeland of Tir na nOg.

Scholars have attempted to locate the stone geographically and historically. I am not sure that this is a wise thing to do as this object has a supernatural origin and attempts to locate it are in my view futile. However it is considered by some that the Coronation Stone at the hill of Tara, the place where Irish High Kings were crowned is its current location. Others say that the Stone of Scone is the actual Lia Fail. The return of the Stone of Scone to Scotland in 2008 should be regarded as a publicity stunt for it is widely held that this stone is a fake and if genuine it certainly is not the property of the Scottish people but the Irish for it has its origins in Ireland. My belief is that the one located now in Tara is the real historical artifact but we must be careful in not labelling it as the Lia Fail as this is a supernatural object which in reality cannot and should not be located in time and space. In this sense it may be compared to the Gral. Knights spent their entire lives and fortunes in hunting down this relic but to no avail. This was the case even during the Third Reich when Otto Rahn as a member of the SS Ahnenerbe was charged with finding this object by Heinrich Himmler.

The Lia Fail is one aspect of the Gral. The Cauldron of the Dagda is another aspect. They became in effect two versions of the same thing due to confusion down the centuries. It is significant that Wolfram von Eschenbach in his 13th century work Parzival portrays the Gral as a stone.

"A warlike company lives there, I will tell you how they are nourished. They live from a Stone  whose essence is most pure, If you have never heard of it I shall name it for you here. It is called `Lapsit exillis`. By virtue of this Stone the Phoenix is burned to ashes, in which he is reborn."[Parzival, Wolfram von Eschenbach, translated by A.T. Hatto]

The best interpretation of  Lapsit exillis is `stone of exile`. This refers to a stone that Lucifer carried with Him on his exile from heaven when He rebelled against the evil demiurge Jehovah. We know that the stone contains an inscription:

"As to those who are appointed to the Gral, hear how they are made known. Under the top edge of the Stone an Inscription announces the name and lineage of the one summoned to make the glad journey."[Parzival]

According to George A. Keryx in his outstanding Holy Grail. Ancient Pagan Apocrypha[1998] the Gral consists of 12 stone tablets inscribed with rune like characters.

Otto Rahn in Lucifer`s Court[1937] describes the Gral as a "stone of light"[pages 23 and 58]  The Gral is believed by Rahn to have come into possession of the Goths after they stole it from the Romans.

"The Ostrogoths reigned for a relatively short time. Were they the `rich royal family` mentioned in Der Wartburgkrieg? The name of the royal Gothic dynasty was Amaler, and their ancestors were said to be `deities` known as Ansis or Asen, the lords of the Gothic treasure, which included the Gral."

In Crusade Against the Grail[1934] Rahn states:

"The Grail in turn fell to the earthly world when Lucifer was expelled from God`s throne."[Page 112].

It should be noted by anyone reading the English translations of Rahn`s two books that he appears to move from a traditional xtian view of regarding Lucifer as an evil entity in his first book Crusade Against the Grail  to regarding Him as an essentially good and Aryan deity in Lucifer`s Court. The only rational reason for this in my view is that between the publication of these two works Rahn may have undergone a spiritual awakening and initiation. This change in perspective was not commented on by his biographer Nigel Graddon in Otto Rahn and the Quest for the Grail. An interesting example of this change is to be noted on page 25 of Lucifer`s Court:

"I prefer to believe that Satan`s, not Lucifer`s, armies stood before the walls of Montsegur to steal the Grail, which had fallen from the Light Bringer, from Lucifer`s crown, and was kept by the pure ones."[My emphasis]
So by the time of the publication of his second work in 1937 Rahn had come to the rightful conclusion that Jehovah is in fact Satan and that Satan was a different entity from Lucifer.

In Woden`s Folk we regard the last three Anglo-Saxon runes as being grail runes. These are Calc, Stan and Gar. This interpretation appears to be shared by Edred Thorsson:

"It seems that the `magical formula` calc-stan-gar actually represents an esoteric understanding of the Grail mythos which was well-developed in the Germanic world. Although Wolfram refers to southern sources from Moorish Spain, no hard evidence for this understanding has actually come from there. So we are left with Wolfram`s lengthy discourses in Parzival as well as other discussions in medieval German works,eg the Wartburgkrieg of Heinrich von Ofterdingen, in which the Grail is also identified with a stone that fell from Lucifer`s crown, and the Old English runic tradition, as sources for the chalice-stone-spear complex."[Alu An Advanced Guide to Operative Runology, 2012]

Thorsson speculates that the "ultimate origin" of this "symbolic complex" is to be found in the settlement of North Iranian Alans in northern England and Southern Scotland during the Roman occupation of Britain.
If this is so then he argues that the Calc rune symbolises priestcraft, Stan the earth and Gar war.
He also refers to Second Battle of Mag Tured in which we are introduced to the four Hallows.
The 32nd rune, Stan is derived from Proto-Germanic *stainaz meaning of course `stone`. We are reminded not only of the link with the Lia Fail but also of the connection with the megalithic culture when stones were used as altars by the Germanic and Celtic peoples. 

Troy Southgate in his essay The Symbolic & Practical Significance of the Centre: A Wodenist Perspective, published in Gwendolyn Toynton`s Northern Traditions[2011] refers also to Cweorth as being a Gral rune. I have identified additional runes that may have a Gral connection which I will discuss in future related studies.

In Arthurian lore of course we get the theme of the extraction of Excalibur from a stone. It is from stone of course, a mineral that we derive iron and thus steel. Thus we have a link here with the Sword of Nuada, one of the other four hallows. If we reflect upon the Gar rune we have of course a bind rune of Ing in its Common Germanic form and Gyfu, the gift of Ing. The centre of Gar also resembles a stone through which two spears are passed.

The Stone of Tara and also the Stone of Scone were both associated with the coronation of Irish and Scottish kings. It has been speculated by Leon E. Stover in both Stonehenge: The Indo-European Heritage/Stonehenge and the Origins of Western Culture, 1978/1979  and Stonehenge City: A Reconstruction, 2003 that Stonehenge was used as a place of coronation and ceremony by Indo-European High Kings of Britain. This idea may actually have been borrowed from Patrick Crampton who published Stonehenge of the Kings in 1967

"I see it as the fit setting for a king to perform his practical and magical ceremonial functions." [Crampton]

Stone of course represents permamence and it is interesting that even with the introduction of bronze the Indo-European kings of Stonehenge still carried the original stone battle axe as a mace of royal office.