Saturday, 27 April 2013

The Symbolic Meanings of the Eye of Wotan

The sunwheel is represented by an equilateral solar cross inside a circle. Initiates know this as Wotans Eye. The uninitiated outside world call this the `Celtic Cross` and often mistake this for a xtian symbol: we know different. Rudolf Koch`s The Book of Signs refers to this symbol variously as `The Sun-Cross`, the `Sun wheel` and the `Cross of Wotan`. He does not elaborate further on this. Of course Wotan`s Eye is all of these things, a solar cross, a solar wheel and His eye or cross. We read in Gylfaginning in the Prose or Younger Edda:
"I know it all, Odin, where you deposited your eye, in that renowned well of Mimir. Mimir drinks mead every morning from Val-father`s pledege. Know you yet, or what?"
This is why images of our All-Father are often[but not always] depicted as Him having just one eye. The Eye of Wotan symbol represents this one-eyed God. The apparent immersion of the sun each evening into the waters of the west represents His eye, His divine consciousness being dipped into the well. The symbol is of course solar in nature as befitting one of the sky Gods, which the Aesir primarily are. He shares this realm with Thunor and Tiw, both of whom in their turn were earlier versions of the sky father, now relegated in the late Eddas to being His sons. Of course we know that this is not literally the case. In the early Germanic world Tiw and then Thunor were acknowledged as the most important of the Gods. The later Woden incorporates some of the elements of these two earlier Gods but yet has something new and different to offer us for He is a God of mysteries, of secrets, of the Runa. It is to Thunor that we go for protection but it is to Woden that we seek wisdom and awakening. The sacrifice of His eye in the well of the wise Mimir was one of three occasions when Woden gained supernatural wisdom and in-sight. The other two occasions were of course His sacrifice on Yggdrasill and the gaining of Kvasir`s blood. Kvasir was created from the spittle of both the Aesir and Vanir at the conclusion of the war of the Gods and thus Kvasir could be viewed as both an As and a Van which would make Him unique. All three events involved sacrifice of some kind. Only through sacrifice which is a form of exchange can wisdom be gained. It is the price that must be paid. Not only does the Sun Cross remind us of His eye but also of His sacrifice on the World Ash-Yggdrasil or Irminsul. As Havamal in the Elder or Poetic Edda tell us:
"I know that I hung on a windy tree nine long nights, wounded with a spear, dedicated to Odin, myself to myself, on that tree of which no man knows from where its roots run."
The cross in the circle represents this cosmic event of which xtianity has sought to copy and distort.
"No bread did they give me nor a drink from a horn, downwards I peered; I took up the runes, screaming I took them, then I fell back from there."
The astute observer will note that Woden did not invent the runes as some third rate books on the runes suggest but He discovered them: they were already there, cosmic secrets waiting for the questing soul to find and decipher. Rudolf Simek in his Dictionary of Northern Mythology refutes the suggestion that Woden`s sacrifice of "myself to myself" is a plagiarism of the crucifixion of christ:
"The manifold symbols which fall together in Yggdrasill as the world-tree, world-axis, support of the skies, Odin`s tree of sacrifice have led to attempts being made to show that this myth has Christian characteristics[cf the legend of the Rood]; it is more likely, however, that Indo-European concepts, if not indeed archetypal concepts, have mingled together in the concept of the world-tree in Yggdrasill."
He goes on to state that the Celts also worshiped such a tree. There are of course links between the sunwheel and swastika which also has a curved or a Thulean form. The swastika or fylfot is the symbol of the Thunder God Thunor and we should not be surprised that these two solar sky Gods should be linked in this way. I intend to elaborate further on this connection in an article which I will publish soon on this blog.

Sunday, 7 April 2013

Thor`s Hammer and the Indo-European Tarot

It was brought to my attention the other day by a folk comrade that the Eyrarland Thor statue from Iceland features Thor holding a hammer which not only resembles the Foss hammer[see Further Reflections on the Icelandic Wolf`s Hammer and The Icelandic Wolf Hammer articles on my Die Armananschaft der Ario-Germanen blog] but also the club suit of a deck of playing cards. This got me thinking about the esoteric significance of playing cards apart from the Tarot variety. Back in the 1950s after my mother had settled in this country from her native Nieder Sachsen in Germany from time to time she would use normal playing cards for the purposes of divination, something which my father disapproved of. We tend to think of these cards as purely a game but they can of course be used for divination and I dare say as meditation aids although the Tarot is more suited for this purpose. There is a difference of opinion as to whether the Tarot is derived from the standard playing cards that we are familiar with today or whether this is the other way around. I believe that it is significant that playing cards and the Tarot can be used for both the purposes of divination and gambling. Of course the Tarot is more associated with divination and has been developed that way. Gambling and divination were inextricably liked in the culture of the ancient Teutons. Games of dice were very popular and these too had divinatory functions. This is best expressed in the Perthro/Peord rune which Edred Thorsson ascribes the meaning of this rune as `lot-cup` which it does indeed resemble. The Old English Rune Poem states of Perd:
"Perd is always play and laughter among bold men, where the warriors sit in the beer hall, happily together."
Thorsson in Runecaster`s Handbook states:
"First, you must understand that there was very little difference between the techniques and tools of runecasting and those of simple gambling. Second, you must realize that gambling was an absolute passion among the Germanic[and even Indo-European] peoples."
Tacitus in his Germania also draws attention to the Germanic warrior`s love of gambling. Thorsson also likens the `beer hall` as
"a place where sacrificial drink is consumed."
To the Germanic and Indo-Germanic Maennerbund the consumption of beer and the use of `gambling` tools were aids in the process of both divination and spiritual awakening. The use of alcohol or other intoxicants should not in my opinion be available for the general masses who do not know how to handle them but should be reserved for initiates as part of their spiritual and magical workings just as in times past the Soma/Haoma was reserved for the Indo-Aryan and Iranian priestly caste. If society was to heed this message it would be saved a great deal of grief in alcohol or drug addictions, crime and anti-social behaviour: these foods are simply not meant for them and they are consequently misused. The mead of Woden is reserved for His Einheriar. Guido von List believed that the Armanenschaft whilst undergoing persecution from xtian clerics safeguarded their ancient lore by entrusting it to rabbis in the 8th century CE Rheinland. This lore was the origin of the hebrew Kabbalah which is nothing other than a plagiarism of Aryan mystical teaching. It is significant that the anagram of Tarot is Torat, not too dissimilar to Tora[h]. My readers I am sure will be aware that the entire bible, both Old and New Testaments are also a plagiarism and degeneration of Aryan teaching and mythology. They can produce nothing original, nothing new so their rabbis steal the teachings of other peoples, most notably from the Aryan peoples. The suits of a modern deck of playing cards consist of the following: Clubs-symbol of Thor`s Hammer. Spades-symbol of Gungnir, spear of Woden. Hearts-symbol of Freyja. Diamonds-symbol of Ing. The Italian version of Clubs is symbolised literally by a truncheon-like club which like the hammer and the axe was a symbol of the German Thunder God, Donar-from Donner=thunder. Amongst the southern German tribes the wearing of a Donarkeule as a symbol of the God was quite common and this symbol is also liked to the Greek demi-god Heracles, whom Tacitus stated in his Germania the Germans worshipped. There may also be an association of Tarot with Tara, an Aryan Goddess worshiped by the Roma who originated in India. This name also features as a mother Goddess in Irish mythology and gave Her name to the sacred centre of Ireland at Tara where the Irish High Kings were crowned. In future articles I intend to explore the Aryan archetypes found within the Major Arcana.

Monday, 1 April 2013

Woden and the Fylfot

We usually associate the fylfot[swastika] with the God Thunor and this is correct to do so but there are instances where our ancestors have also associated this most holy symbol with Woden. As you can see from the above images, in the first one Woden is depicted with His two ravens and a border of fylfots above His head. This is a 12th century church carving from Great Cranfield church in Essex. This picture also features in Nigel Pennick and Prudence Jones` A History of Pagan Europe. The second image shows a typical carving of Woden wearing His horned raven helmet. What is different about this picture is that the fylfot is located on the front of His helmet just above His eyes where one would expect the pineal gland or `Third Eye` to be positioned. The third image is a rather typical bracteate[a coin used as an amulet pendant during the Germanic migration age] showing Wotan, His horse, a runic inscription ALU and the fylfot. Scholars speculate that these were used as devices to aid meditation and divination amongst the Germanic peoples. The fylfot is closely related to the Sonnenrad[Sunwheel], the equilateral cross in the circle and some speculate that the fylfot originated from the Sonnenrad. The Sonnenrad is more associated with Woden than Thunor and is often referred to as Odin`s Eye or Wotan`s Eye[See Rudolf Koch`s The Book of Signs, p18]. Koch states underneath the fylfot image that:
The swastika, or fylfot cross. Derived from the sun wheel.
One can certainly see the rounded Thulean swastika as being an intermediate symbol between the Sonnenrad and the fylfot. It is possible that the more straight legged fylfot originated from the Sonnenrad via the rounded Thulean one. The origins of the swastika are speculated upon in Swastika the Earliest Known Symbol and its Migrations[1894] by Thomas Wilson. I will not discuss this more here but reserve this in depth issue for a future article. More interesting information about the fylfot in the British Isles can be found in The Fylfot File by Stephen Taylor[I highly recommend this work despite it being written by a churchman!] The image of the dancing raven-helmeted Woden has rightly been subjected to much analysis by Wodenists but I am particularly interested in the positioning of the fylfot in the second image. In my own meditative work I use a rounded fylfot for protection but it is also important to visualise the symbol as well, often in a yellow or red-gold glow, vibrant and fiery. In addition to offering protection the fylfot also is able to open the sixth Ajna chakra or wheel. Holding as well as visualising the fylfot can aid meditation and the gaining of spiritual insight-sight WITHIN! Clearly Woden intends us to use the fylfot to help open this 6th wheel in order to unlock our spiritual and psychic capacities. As with all things Woden is our guide. We follow in His steps in order to gain full awakening. The concept of the chakras or wheels as we would refer to them in the Germanic tradition along with the teaching of the Irminsul and Kundalini are part of a more ancient collective Aryan body of lore which the Germanic and Hindu traditions belong to. This issue is something I intend to explore in a future article.