Sunday, 23 February 2014

Old English Churchyards, Alfred Rosenberg and Wotan

As I have recently discussed in my article The Yew Tree and its Significance to Aryo-Germanic Man, 18/2/14, the presence of ancient yew trees in old English churches is a sure indicator of a pre-xtian Germanic site of worship. Another indicator is in the name of the church itself. Often in England and in Germany churches built on sites  associated with Thunar are dedicated to Saint Michael who is a xtianised version of the God.

"Belief in Wotan was admittedly dying, but the sacred groves in which the God was worshipped remained the goal of Germanic pilgrims. All destruction of the Wotan symbols and the cursing of the old belief did not help. So in place of Wotan, Christian martyrs and saints such as holy Martin were set up. Cloak, sword and horse were his symbols (thus the same symbols as Wotan, Odin); the respected groves of the sword God became in this manner the places of holy Martin, the saint of war, who is still worshipped today by German pilgrims (for example, the Schwertslocher chapel). Saint George and Saint Michael also represent the renaming of old Nordic deities who through this baptism arrived in the domain of the Roman church. The `she-devil` Lady Venus has been transformed into Saint Pelagia; Donar, the thunderer and the cloud God, became Saint Peter guarding heaven; the Wotanlike character of the wild huntsman is imparted to Saint Oswald, and on chapters and carvings the redeemer Widar is shown tearing the Fenris Wolf to pieces (for example, at Berchtesgaden). The same Widar, who in trying to save Odin swallowed by the Fenris Wolf, kills the monster." (The Myth of the Twentieth Century, Alfred Rosenberg)

It should be noted that Rosenberg was not a follower of Wotan and neither were the majority of the leadership cadre of the NSDAP but nevertheless they were influenced by this deity and in the case of Hitler, possessed by the Wotan archetype. Most National Socialists were those in name only and those who were genuine for the most part were either atheist, xtian in some form or held to a belief in the concept of a racial God, who they referred to as Das Gott. We do know that Hess and Himmler were certainly in some way sympathetic to or believers in the ancestral Gods. In the case of Hitler he did not need to subscribe to any such belief as he was the living incarnation of Wotan`s spirit. Our Gods can make use of people and situations with or without our consent.

Rosenberg`s book is worthy of study as the Third Reich`s philosopher he presented a new German mystic vision for the Volk, one which was cleansed of all jewishness. His in-sights may be of use to the esoteric Wodenist. 

"One form of Odin is dead, that is, the Odin who was the highest of the many Gods who appeared as the embodiment of a generation still given up to natural symbolisms. But Odin as the eternal mirrored image of the primal spiritual powers of Nordic man lives today just as he did over 5,000 years ago." (Rosenberg)

Saturday, 22 February 2014

The Triple Horn Symbol of Woden

Symbols associated with the number 3 are frequently regarded as being linked to the God Woden in some way. We are all of course familiar with the Valknut, a symbol of 3 interlocking triangles but the Triple Horn is also associated with Him in both antiquity and in mythology.

The Snoldelev Stone which is situated in Snoldelev in  Ramsø, Denmark is decorated with a design of 3 interlocking horns, a fylfot and Younger Futhark runes. The inscriptions are dated to the 9th century CE.
Interestingly the fylfot on the stone is dated to the Bronze Age.

Exoterically an explanation for the 3 horns may be found in the story of the theft of the poetic mead in Hávamál in the Elder Edda and in Skáldskaparmál  in the Younger Edda. Woden stole the mead from Suttung in three draughts after spending 3 nights with Suttung`s daughter, Gunnlöd. This is mirrored in the theft of the Soma by Indra. Mead in Germanic mythology fulfilled a similar function to the Soma of the Indo-Aryans and the Haoma of the Iranians. This story of Woden`s theft of the poetic and thus sacred mead no doubt goes back to ancient Aryan times.

"Gunnlod sat me in the golden seat,
Poured me precious mead:
Ill reward she had from me for that,
For her proud and passionate heart,
Her brooding foreboding spirit.
What I won from her I have well used:
I have waxed in wisdom since I came back,
bringing to Asgard Odhroerir
the sacred draught.
Hardly would I have come home alive
From the garth of the grim troll,
Had Gunnlod not helped me, the good woman,
Who wrapped her arms around me."(Hávamál)
Our ancestors certainly used drinking horns in their sacred rites, long after they went out of use for daily purposes. I am reminded of the golden horns from Gallehus in Denmark which were decorated with mythological scenes and runes. They are very similar to the motifs found on the Gundestrup Cauldron, also from Denmark. Clearly these horns had a sacred purpose but alas they were stolen and melted down in 1802-an act of extreme greed and indeed in my eyes, sacrilege. Replicas of these horns were made from detailed drawings and even these were stolen and recovered twice in 1993 and 2007. Let us hope that the golden Chiemsee Cauldron does not meet with a similar fate!

Esoterically the number 3 signifies the Armanen concept of Arising-Becoming-Passing Away to New Arising.
This is not only the Germanic concept of rebirth but is the cycle that all organisms and indeed history itself takes. Far from time being linear as the Judeo-Christians maintain time is cyclical.

Thursday, 20 February 2014

The Drudenfuß, an Ancient Germanic Symbol

The pentagram in German is known as the Drudenfuß and I believe that the German name is far more evocative and appropriate to use than the rather clinical pentagrame. This symbol is rarely used today within the context of Odinism/Wodenism/Wotanism and I feel this is largely because of its misuse by the so-called modern Wicca and also due to lack of knowledge regarding its origins and meaning . This is a shame: we should not allow our use or non-use of sacred Germanic symbols to be somehow influenced by these eclectic New Age charlatans.

I use the word `charlatan` because anyone who refers to himself as being a `druid` is certainly misguided. According to Julius Caesar druids spent 20 years being trained and committing ancient lore to memory. They did not accomplish this by way of short correspondence courses. Furthermore no-one can say with any degree of certainty what the beliefs and practices of the druids were-less so than in Germanic heathenism. It is quite sad to witness people of Germanic heritage following pseudo-Celtic belief systems. It is also pitiful to witness these neo-druids try to present their revived religion as a peaceful and almost universalistic one. The genuine druids of yore were far from peaceful but warlike and did not shy away from human sacrifice (as did the Germanic priests). The difference is that whilst we Wodenists are not afraid to acknowledge that human sacrifice was carried out by our ancestors (as it was by other Indo-Europeans) the neo-druids are in denial of the historic facts, putting it down to Roman anti-Celtic or anti-barbarian propaganda. Neither was their religion universal but folkish as was Germanic religion-much again to the chagrin of modern `Asatru`ers`!

As far as the Wicca are concerned they cannot even pronounce their own name: it is pronounced witcha not wicker! It is an Old English word meaning quite simply, `witch`. I believe however that individual within Wicca may be influenced by Wodenism if we do this in the right way. I have previously explained in my article Witchdom of the True, published on my Celto-Germanic Culture, Myth and History blog on 30/5/11 that Wicca, unbeknown to many of its adherents is actually grounded in the worship of the ancient English Gods, Ing-Frey and Freya and if cleansed of its universalist and namby-pamby elements may be considered a legitimate expression of English heathenism. I know this is a controversial issue to many Germanic heathens but I would encourage you to read Edred Thorsson`s book Witchdom of the True. A Study of the Vana-Troth and the Practice of Seidh and make up your own mind.

Now back to the issue of the Drudenfuß. In German folklore a Drude is supposed to be a malevolent spirit and in Southern Germany especially it is associated with nightmares. Druden were considered to participate in Woden`s Wild Hunt. It was also used as a term for `witch` in late mediaeval Germany. In popular folk etymology the word is also connected with `druid`. The Grimm Brothers associate the word with in their Deutsches Wörterbuch (German Dictionary) with the valkyrie Þrúðr. So the Drudenfuß is the Drude`s foot and was used by my German ancestors to ward off evil entities. It is thus a protective device and not a symbol of evil or `satanism` (a Semitic concept). Goethe made reference to this symbol in his Faust (1808). 

I must confess, my stepping o'er
Thy threshold a slight hindrance doth impede;
The wizard-foot [Drudenfuss] doth me retain.
The pentagram thy peace doth mar?
To me, thou son of hell, explain,
How camest thou in, if this thine exit bar?
Could such a spirit aught ensnare?
Observe it well, it is not drawn with care,
One of the angles, that which points without,
Is, as thou seest, not quite closed.

It has also been used as a coat of arms. This is what Walther Blachetta in his 1941 book, Das Buch Der Deutschen Sinnzeichen(The Book of German Symbols) has to say about Der Drudenfuß:

"Der  Drudenfuß ist das Symbol fuer-harmonische Gestaltung-,insbesondere fuer die des Menschen. Fuenf Sinne, fuenf Finger an jeder Hand und an jedem Fuss, fuenf Selbstlaute in der Sprache, fuenf Koerperteile am Leib (Kopf, zwei Arme, zwei Beine)-alle diese fuenfzahlen find Zahlen der Gestaltung des Menschen. Waehrend heute in der Volkskunst der Drudenfuss wie auch der Fuenfstern nur selten anzutretten find, waren sie frueher sehr haeufig. Auf schwedischen Felsbildern, auf Bronzegeraeten sind sie zu finden. Und in mittelalterlichen Bauhuetten war der Drudenfuss das Herbergsschild. Als Wappenbild und besonders oft als Hausmarkte koennen wir aber heute noch den Drudenfuß bemerken."

Wotans Krieger`s translation:

"The Drudenfuß is the symbol for harmonic forming, in particular for that of humanity. Five senses, five fingers on each hand and (five toes) on each foot, five vowels in language, five parts of the body (head, two arms, two legs)-all five-numbers are found in the forming of humanity. Whilst today in folk art we rarely meet with the Drudenfuß or the five pointed star, in the past they were very widespread. They are to be found on Swedish rock pictures, on bronze pieces of equipment. And in mediaeval construction workers` huts the Drudenfuß was the sign of the inn. As coats of arms and especially often as house marks we can still observe the Drudenfuß today."

Tuesday, 18 February 2014

The Yew Tree and its Significance to Aryo-Germanic Man

The Yew tree has a deep significance in the spiritual lore of the Germanic peoples, so much so that various runes of different Futharks/Futhorks contain properties that relate to this tree. It is interesting to note that in the Anglo-Saxon/Anglo-Frisian/Anglo-Northumbrian Futhork there are four runes named after species of tree that were familiar to the Germanic peoples: Eoh (yew), Beorc (birch), Ac (oak) and Aesc (ash). In the much reduced 16 rune Younger Futhork we have Bjarkan (birch) and Yr (yew). In the Elder Futhark, Eihwaz (yew) and Berkano (birch).

I am reminded that according to the Eddas the first humans (Teutons) were named Askr and Embla- Ash and Elm. This connection between man and tree is also present in Iranian mythology-Meshia and Meshiane and thus this relationship between the origins of man and the tree may be a very old Indo-European one.
The scholar Anders Hultgård observes:

"myths of the origin of mankind from trees or wood seem to be particularly connected with ancient Europe and Indo-Europe and Indo-European-speaking peoples of Asia Minor and Iran. By contrast the cultures of the Near East show almost exclusively the type of anthropogonic stories that derive man's origin from clay, earth or blood by means of a divine creation act". (2006)

So we have a very different account for the genesis of man found in Germanic and Indo-European mythology than the semitic one which has been pressed upon us after the forced conversion of our peoples to xtianity.

Hengest`s son Aesc also appears in the genealogy of the Anglo-Saxon kings of Kent. In Tolkien`s Hobbit and Lord of the Rings we have of course the very human like Ents; Ent  is derived from the Old Norse word jǫtunn which originates in the Common Germanic*etunaz. I was always struck by their very human qualities. Tolkiens` works, which are in essence a recovered mythology of the English people needs a more thorough analysis than has hitherto been given to it and I hope to return to his work in future articles.

The closeness between the Teuton and nature should not be marveled at for our ancestors dwelt in a very heavily forested Germania and likewise the other northern Indo-Europeans (Celts, Balts and Slavs) likewise resided in similar northern habitats. The Ogham alphabet used by the Celts of Britain and Ireland consist of 20 characters or fedha (English: fews) and each one of these is significantly named after a tree. The Ogham few that relates to the yew tree is idad, the 20th and last few which I think is significant. Unlike the Anglo-Saxon rune Eoh and the Common Germanic Eihwaz which appear one third and one half of the way through the Futhork/Futhark, in the Younger Futhork Yr appears at the very end and this gives a kind of finality to the meaning of the rune which is not present in any of the three rune poems although interestingly the Abecedarium Nordmannicum does say "Yr al behabet (Yew holds all) which I interpret to mean death.
This meaning is supported by the corresponding Yr rune of the Armanen Futhork. Guido von List calls this the "error-rune" (Irr-rune). He summarises for this rune: "Think about the end!"-very worthy advice![See The Secret of the Runes)

The yew tree may be found in most ancient English church yards as these were usually built upon sites that were considered sacred to our ancestors. In my opinion one way to reclaim these sites would be to carry out secret rites in them during the cover of darkness in the vicinity of the yew tree. The yew was undoubtedly a sacred tree and the Celts for instance forbade their damage or destruction:

"Assemblies were held under these venerated trees, and it was tabu to damage them in any way." (Pagan Britain, 1967, Anne Ross)

No doubt sacred trees such as the yew were the focal point of rites carried out by northern Europeans and this must in part be explained by the belief that in some way they are our ancestors and also that the world column, the Irminsul or Yggdrasil was in fact a tree. The Irminsul supported the nine worlds of the universe so anyone caught carrying out damage to one unnecessarily would have been considered to have committed a heinous crime. The yew is associated by many with the world tree and this concept is borne out in the shape of the rune stave in the Younger and Armanen Futhorks which shows it to be a column with three roots which undoubtedly are the roots which lead to the three wells. In 1930s Germany this was referred to as the Todesrune (death rune).The Common Germanic and Anglo-Saxon versions of the stave are very different but stylistically represent the eternal return, the top being a mirror image of the bottom. The idea of eternal return is inextricably linked to the idea of finality-death in this life so the two meanings are different aspects of the same idea. The reason why the yew tree was so venerated was because of its longevity, a symbol of apparent immortality which in Armanism we interpret in the formula of arising-becoming-passing away to new arising. This is the deep meaning behind the image of the three norns.